Astronomy is a natural science concerned with the celestial objects’ scientific study such as moons, stars, comets, the chemistry, planets, the physics, galaxies, asteroids and evaluation of such objects and phenomena that comes from the earth’s outside atmosphere, including cosmic microwave background radiation, gamma ray bursts and supernovae explosions. A distinct but related subject, physical cosmology is interested the entire universe.

Amateurs can still play an active role in astronomy, particularly in observation and discovery of transient phenomena and amateur astronomers have contributed to and made many crucial astronomical discoveries.

The History of Astronomy

Astronomy is among the oldest sciences. The ancient civilisation in recorded history such as Egyptians, Chinese, Maya, Indians and Babylonians undertook methodical night sky observations. However, the telescope invention was necessary before astronomy succeeded in development into a modern science. Historically, astronomy has encompassed disciplines as vast as observational astronomy, astrometry, the making of calendars and celestial navigation, but professional astronomy in the modern society is often perceived as synonymous with astrophysics.

During the twentieth century, the professional astronomy field split into theoretical and observational branches. Observational astronomy is mainly focused on gathering data from astronomical objects observations, and that is then put under analysis with the help of basic physics principles. Theoretical astronomy is focused towards the analytical models or development of computer to explain astronomical phenomena and objects. There is a complementation between the two fields, with the theoretical astronomy attempting to explain the observations and observational results being used in confirmation of theoretical results.

Applications of Astronomy

Our understanding of the universe has revolutionised due to astronomy. The cutting-edge techniques and tools established by astronomers to peer into the cosmos’s furthest reaches are now finding applications beyond astronomy, ranging from medical imaging devices via to sensors for defence and security. Technology in astronomy is used to address real-world problems on earth. The conference will provide an overview of techniques and technologies established in astronomy, highlight the solutions offered for addressing commercially relevant issues, and provide guidance and information on how industry and academics can collaborate in development of future applications. Astronomy is used to make science learning enjoyable for students, kids and children of all ages through astronomy related games. The games help student and children virtually visit the Jupiter’s moons and explore the possibility of lives in the distant worlds. The virtual travels enable children explore and discover how much space there is in the space and also learn how modern scientist are pushing the space exploration daily.

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