Class And Global Inequalities
Equality in human society is the state whereby every member of society is regarded as equal, especially in terms of status, treatment, rights or opportunities. Inequality, on the other hand, is simply the lack of equality amongst members of the same society in any respect. Every form of bias, prejudice, discrimination, injustice, partiality and lack of fairness is an indication of inequality. These are more commonly shown with regards to race, class, status, nationality, family or background. All humans may exhibit some physiological differences and the history of the human society may lack tenable evidence of true equality in all respects, but it is incontestable that all humans are equal, at least, in being human. Therefore, no human being can claim to be more human than the other. The very fact that every human being demonstrates a natural instinct to be fairly, justly and equitably treated at all times lends credence to the view that inequalities at all levels is alien to human nature, though, ironically, it is invariably man-made.
Social Classes and Inequality
The development of human society and the emergence of sophisticated political and economic systems have further reinforced and sharply divided the members of society into classes based on social status or economic importance, leading to class inequality. In the current setting, the social stratification and the competition for control of access to goods, property and opportunities has created a reactive tendency for increasing and intolerable inequalities. Today, a few actively and deliberately limit access to wealth and opportunity despite denials and do everything within their power and control to increase the inequalities and maintain their dominance. The endpoint of this is more suffering, more conflicts and more chaos unless we correct the glaring inequalities by restructuring how society works and how we cooperate in the production and distribution of wealth.
An analysis of the economies of countries across the globe shows a wide demarcation in terms of such indices as per capita gross domestic product (GDP) and the human development indices. The disparity is mainly between the more developed and wealthy industrialized nations of Europe, America, China and Japan and the third world countries, largely in Africa. Studies have revealed that as at 2013, a tiny elite of multibillionaires, mostly from the wealthy nations had amassed wealth equivalent to all the wealth owned by the poorest half (3.5 billion) of the world's total population of 7 billion, in spite of recorded appreciable growth rate of these economies in the past decade. There is an inequality among humans due largely to where they lived, in developed or underdeveloped areas, territories, or nations. One effect of globalization and the current technology leaps has reduced global international gaps while national class inequalities kept widening. It can be safely concluded that the inequalities experienced between nations is more about classes than it is about nations.
Class and global inequalities does not only destroy the social fabric of any society and promote social unrest but it also impedes economic development and results in a whole lot of health and security problems. Invariably, class and global inequalities limit the collective progress and prosperity of a society. Although inequality cannot be completely eradicated from modern society, wealth can be continually redistributed through taxes and benefits, or by reducing differences in pre-tax incomes. It is essential for all to act based on social responsibility, if nothing else, and make every effort to cooperatively reduce and manage the extent and damage caused by these human-induced inequalities.